What Is Melasma & Hyperpigmentation

What Is Melasma

Melasma, also known as chloasma is a skin condition that can affect any part of the body. Generally the face is more prone to melasma however the arms, back and chest are common too.

What does melasma look like: Melasma can be distinguished by its irregular patches that can appear anywhere on the body that has been exposed to the sun. Dark/light brown or grey irregular looking patches on the surface of the skin that is not raised or not itchy. See the video below of melasma on the forehead.

Who Is Generally More Likely To Get Melasma: Melasma can affect both male and female however it’s more common in females to develop melasma on the face including upper lip, upper and lower cheeks and forehead. This is because pregnancy, birth control pills and hormones can trigger melasma and increase the chances.

See the video below for and understanding of melasma on the face.

What Causes Melasma: The main causes for melasma are unknown however we understand the prevention and treatments. Here are most of the causes:

  • Stress
  • Birth control pills *
  • Pregnancy
  • Menopause
  • Hormonal changes
  • Sun exposure *
  • UV lights

The bullet-points that have an * by them suggest that these are the most common and should be monitored and avoided.

Pregnancy & Melasma:  Chloasma/melasma is often referred to as “the mask of pregnancy”, as it affects 90% of pregnant women. This is because the body becomes more hormonal and prone to melasma. These hormones can trigger melasma to form and also produces an overproduction of oil on the face, neck and back. This oil is natural oil called sebum and is routinely produces by the sebaceous glands underneath the skin to keep skin fresh, safe and moist.

This extra sebum can have an increased effect to sunlight and UV rays making the skin prone to sun damage and sensitive to melasma patches and spots.

Avoiding the sun whilst using birth control pills, pregnant or menopause can greatly reduce your chances of getting melasma.

Fact – Melasma is called chloasma when present during pregnancy.

What Is Hyperpigmentation

Melanin is the tanning chemical for skin and gives it its colour. Hyperpigmentation occurs when increased melanin in an area causes darkening of skin. It’s very similar to Melasma and is caused by sun damage, inflammation or other skin injuries like acne vulgaris.

Click Here to see the see what Wikipedia.com has to say about Hyper-pigmentation.

Treatment for Hyperpigmentation

To help prevent hyperpigmentation, sunscreen must be applied on a regular basis. The main treatments include kojic acid, alpha hydroxy acids, hydroquinone, topical glucocorticoids and locorice extract.

These treatments can greatly reduce, remove and clear skin of hyperpigmentation within months of usage and should always be advised by your local doctor or professional dermatologist.

If you want to completely natural way to remove your hyperpigmentation then please see the natural way to remove your melasma & hyperpigmentation within 4 days.

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